Yogurt (also known as “curd”) is a cultured milk product that is soured and thickened by the action of specific lactic acid-producing cultures added to milk Benefits of yogurt. Culture bacteria ferment lactose in the milk and produced lactic acid which acts on milk protein to give yogurt its texture and characteristic flavor. Yogurt can be made from both animal or plant foods and is referred as Dairy and Non-Dairy yogurt.
Say yes to yogurt as there is countless Benefits of Yogurt. It’s included in healthy food list because yogurt is highly nutritious and an excellent source of protein, calcium, potassium, vitamins, minerals and is relatively low in calories.
Types of Yogurt
Set-style Yogurt: has a characteristic thick texture and is excellent for enjoying plain or using in recipes.
Stirred Yogurt: slightly thinner than set yogurt and can be eaten as-is, in cold beverages or incorporated into desserts.
Greek-style Yogurt: A very thick yogurt that is either made from milk that has had some of the water removed or by straining whey from plain yogurt to make thicker and creamier.
How Yogurt Is Made
Fresh milk is fermented using lactic bacteria starters or “cultures” that is Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus. The bacteria are added to heated, pasteurized, homogenized milk, and the milk is then incubated at optimized temperature to maximize the activity of the bacteria.
The bacteria convert the lactose to lactic acid, which thickens the milk and gives it the tangy taste characteristic of yogurt. The yogurt is then cooled and can be flavored with fruit, sugar, other sweeteners or flavorings. Stabilizers, such as gelatin, may also be added.
Benefits of Yogurt:
Probiotic support: Probiotic is a term used to describe foods and supplements that contain living micro-organisms and its one of major Benefits of Yogurt. These bacteria become metabolically active in our digestive tract and support digestion and absorption of nutrients. They help in the steady passage of food through the digestive tract and lessen the risk of digestive problems. Culture bacteria also convert food sugars into short chain fatty acids then they can be used as an energy source for cells that line the large intestine.
Blood sugar benefits of yogurt: High protein content with live bacterial cultures makes yogurt a food with blood sugar benefits although it lacks fibers. Protein digests at a moderate rate is associated with better regulation of appetite. As a good source of protein, yogurt makes sense as a food that would provide blood sugar benefits.
Lactose Intolerance and Yogurt: People who are lactose intolerant can also enjoy yogurt. It contains lower amounts of lactose than milk because the lactose in yogurt is converted to lactic acid by the bacterial cultures. Lactic acid bacteria in yogurt, acidophilus milk and fermented milk products such as kefir also helps in lessen the effects of lactose intolerance.
Yogurt and Vitamins: Yogurt is a significant source of potassium, phosphorous, riboflavin, iodine, zinc, and vitamin B5. It also contains B12 which maintains red blood cells and helps to keep nervous system functioning properly. Eating Benefits of Yogurt include to cover the nutrient gap. An eight-ounce serving contains 1.4 micrograms of the vitamin, about 60 percent of what adult body need daily.
Help you recover faster after a workout: it’s a great Benefits of Yogurt that due to its right ratio of protein and carbohydrate it is an excellent post-sweat-session snack. “The perfect time to grab a container is within 60 minutes of exercise. The protein provides the amino acids your muscles need to repair themselves and the carbohydrates replace your muscle’s energy stores which are depleted after a hard workout” says Keri Gans, RD, a nutritionist in New York City.
Yogurt gives you flat belly: “Fat around waist produces the hormone cortisol, which tells body to accumulate even more belly flab,” says nutrition professor Michael Zemel. When yogurt is eaten, the calcium signals fat cells to pump out less cortisol, making it easier to drop pounds while the amino acids help burn fat.
Daily serving of yogurt keeps colds away: According to a study at the University of Vienna, “women eats yogurt had much stronger and more active T cells, which battle illness and infection, than they did before they started consuming it. The healthy bacteria in yogurt help send signals to the immune-boosting cells in the body to power up and fight off harmful bugs.” says lead study author Alexa Meyer.
Yogurt can help your smile: Despite its sugar content yogurt doesn’t cause cavities. None of the low-fat, light, and fruit flavored yogurt eroded tooth enamel, the main cause of decay. The lactic acid in yogurt appears to give gums protection as well.
Skin Benefits of Yogurt: with many other benefits, there are also skin Benefits of Yogurt. The zinc and lactic acid contained in yogurt is responsible for promoting healthy skin. A gentle massage with yogurt into the skin is sure to help remove dead skin cells, smooth out the fine lines, tighten pores, hydrate dry patches, give a much-required shine and glow.